søndag 19. august 2012

Fokus på mobbing virker

Blogglisten

Dagbladet og UNICEF Norge samarbeider ved skolestart i år om en kampanje der det settes fokus på mobbing i skolen. Noen vil sikkert være kritiske til at en kampanje av mange skal gjøre noen forskjell. Hvordan kan historier fra ofre og mobbere, "eksperter" som svarer på spørsmål og formaninger til voksne om å ta ansvar gjøre noen forskjell?

Professor Erling Roland ved Senter for Atferdsforskning i Stavanger, en av verdens ledende forskere på mobbing og forfatter av boka Mobbingens psykologi, viser at skeptikerne tar feil - fokus på mobbing virker.

I artikkelen "The broken curve: Effects of the Norwegian manifesto against bullying" (i International Journal of Behavioral Development, 24 (5), 383-388) viser Roland at det i Norge har vært perioder der en effektivt har klart å bekjempe mobbing. Fra 1995-2001 økte mobbingen i Norge med 60%. Fra 2001 så man en 30% nedgang i forbindelse med lansering av det første nasjonale "Manifestet mot mobbing".

Med manifest mot mobbing ble det fokus på mobbing i og utenfor skolen. Etter noen år med nedgang i tallene så en etter en tid igjen økning i antallet elever som blir mobbet. Dette falt sammen med andre fokus i norsk skole - deriblant innføringen av kunnskapsløftet og diskusjon om dårlige resultater i PISA.

Det er alles ansvar å sørge for å holde et kontinuerlig fokus på mobbing. Derfor er det viktig og bra at pressen tar sin rolle på alvor. Jeg håper politikere, rektorer, lærere og foreldre lar seg inspirere av Dagbladets kampanje og gir den viktige jobben mot mobbing den oppmerksomheten den fortjener.

Som Erling Roland sier det "Et sterkt nasjonalt fokus vil gi mindre mobbing".

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